Antique Restoration - Watchmaker Bench
Very Rare Restored Antique American Watch Makers Work Bench - 1865 - 1900 - With Back Display Shelf - This bench displays the contents, work remnants and tools of one watchmakers life's work. Complete with working German made G. Boley 1896 Pedal Wheel and Lathe. We have designed the back display shelf to properly display these contents. Derived from the provenance of this cabinet, we have determined this bench was made by the Henry Paulson & Co. as well as spent its working life at the Henry Paulson & Company located at 37 So. Wabash Ave., Chicago, Illinois. There may have been several watchmakers at this station. The papers we found in this cabinet were by a watchmaker named D.F. York - determined from his tax papers to his prescription bottles that were re-purposed to store watch parts and miscellaneous items. We have all this displayed on the back shelf and in the glass drawers displaying this watch makers hand tools and many more collectible antique items. The Paulson's son is Henry Merritt "Hank" Paulson, 74th United States Secretary of the Treasury.
It's A Family Tradition
Watchmakers Bench - Historical Origin and Design Inspiration
Training - Historically, in England, watchmakers would have to undergo a seven-year apprenticeship and then join a guild, such as the Worshipful Company of Clockmakers in London, before selling their first watch.
Watchmaker as metaphor Watchmaker analogy:
William Paley and others used the watchmaker in his famous analogy to infer the existence of God (the teleological argument).
Richard Dawkins later applied this analogy in his book The Blind Watchmaker, arguing that evolution is blind in that it cannot look forward. Evolution, says Dawkins, is not directed by god(s). Instead, all intricate improvements in nature's mechanisms stem from survival pressures.
Alan Moore in his graphic novel Watchmen, uses the metaphor of the watchmaker as a central part of the backstory of his heroic character Dr. Manhattan.
In the NBC television series Heroes, the villain Sylar is a watchmaker by trade. His ability to know how watches work corresponds to his ability to gain new superpowers by examining the brains of people he has murdered.
In the scifi novel The Mote in God's Eye by Larry Niven, the Watchmakers are a small technologically intelligent sub-species of the Moties that will repair/improve things left for them (accompanied by food as payment).
A clockmaker is an artisan who makes and repairs clocks. Since almost all clocks are now factory-made, most modern clockmakers only repair clocks. Modern clockmakers may be employed by jewelers, antique shops, and places devoted strictly to repairing clocks and watches.
Clockmakers must be able to read blueprints and instructions for numerous types of clocks and time pieces that vary from antique clocks to modern time pieces in order to fix and make clocks or watches. The trade requires fine motor coordination as clockmakers must frequently work on devices with small gears and fine machinery.
Originally, clockmakers were master craftsmen who designed and built clocks by hand. Since modern clockmakers are required to repair antique, handmade or one-of-a-kind clocks for which parts are not available, they must have some of the design and fabrication abilities of the original craftsmen. A qualified clockmaker can typically design and make a missing piece for a clock without access to the original component.
Clockmakers generally do not work on watches; the skills and tools required are different enough that watchmaking is a separate field, handled by another specialist, the watchmaker.
The earliest use of the term clockemaker is said to date from 1390, about a century after the first mechanical clocks appeared. From the beginning in the 15th century through the 17th century clockmaking was considered the "leading edge", most technically advanced trade existing. Historically, the best clockmakers often also built scientific instruments, as for a long time they were the only craftsmen around trained in designing precision mechanical apparatus. In one example, the harmonica was invented by a young German clockmaker, which was then mass produced by another clockmaker, Matthias Hohner.
Prior to 1800 clocks were entirely handmade, including all their parts, in a single shop under a master clockmaker. By the 19th century, clock parts were beginning to be made in small factories, but the skilled work of designing, assembling, and adjusting the clock was still done by clockmaking shops. By the 20th century, interchangeable parts and standardized designs allowed the entire clock to be assembled in factories, and clockmakers specialized in repair.
As the art of making clocks became more widespread and distinguished, guilds specifically for this trade emerged around the sixteenth century. One of the first guilds developed in London, England, known as the Worshipful Company of Clockmakers; the group formed after a small number of foreign-trained clockmakers spent time working in London. A requirement of joining the guild was to practise their craft and gain as much experience as possible, along with joining one of many other trade guilds, such as the Blacksmiths, Stationers, or Drapers Company. There are many guilds where clockmakers meet to buy, sell and get clocks to repair from customers, the IWJG is one of the most prominent in the world.
Watchmaker Tools - Boley (the proper name is G.Boley) were established in Germany in 1870 and went on to make a world-renowned range of precision machinery and equipment of all kinds - from miniature watchmakers' lathes of conventional WW and Geneva pattern (as well as triangular-bed and unusual design) medium-sized high-precision centre (include some complex and expensive 4BK made during the 1950s), production types, various kinds of milling machines together with a vast range of watch and clock-making tools and accessories. Even during the 1960s and 1970s their machine tools were still of the highest quality and included some remarkably advanced designs.
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